Original Article

The effect of pregnancy yoga on breastfeeding self-efficacy and prenatal attachment: A semi-experimental study

Nursel Alp Dal1, Sureyya Gumussoy2, Erdinc Sar?dogan3, Cagdas Ozdemir4

1Munzur University Health Science Faculty, Tunceli, Turkey
2Ege University Izmir Ataturk Health Services Vocational School, Izmir, Turkey
3Malatya Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey
4Tunceli State Hospital, Tunceli, Turkey


Background: Yoga raises emotions by providing concentration and reduces anxiety by providing peace and comfort. Touching the baby during meditation and communicating spiritually causes the mother to cope with physiological and psychological problems and gain a positive perspective. Yoga helps the pregnant woman to be aware of her body and to gain confidence during pregnancy, during and after birth. The study aims to find out whether yoga regularly performed during pregnancy contributes to mother-baby attachment and breastfeeding competence of the mother.
Methods: The universe of the study consisted of all pregnant women who applied to gynecology and obstetrics outpatient clinics of a province in eastern Turkey between 1 June 2019 and 1 January 2020 and agreed to participate in the yoga program. The sample of the research consisted of 50 pregnant women who had a healthy fetus, were aged 18 and over, without communication difficulties and mental disability, not treated for infertility to get pregnant, did not have a chronic disease, gestational diabetes, eclampsia and preeclampsia, threat of premature birth, premature rupture of membranes, who agreed to participate in the s
Results: In the study, it was determined that breastfeeding self-efficacy of women participating in yoga programs increased (p<0.001). However, there was no statistically significant change in their prenatal attachment (p=0.056). Moreover, the investigation found that breastfeeding self-efficacy pre-test scores were significantly lower in women aged 30 and over than women in the other age group (p<0.05).
Conclusions: Yoga during pregnancy is not effective on prenatal attachment, whereas breastfeeding self-efficacy increases.

Keywords: breastfeeding; pregnancy; prenatal attachment; self-efficacy; yoga