The most common causes of bacteremia and determination of antibiotic sensitivity pattern
Jamshid Ayatollahi1, Seyed Alireza Mousavi1, Abbas Hajighasemi2, Seyed Hossein Shahcheraghi11
1Infectious Diseases Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2Medical Student, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Methods: : In this study, all blood cultures from the beginning to the end of 2018 in Shahid Sadoughi hospital of Yazd were examined in the census. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic and background information. For all positive culture samples, antibiogram data were collected. Studies were conducted on gender, age, hospitalization and underlying disease.
Results: 53.5% of bacteremia was in males and 46.5% in females which had no significant difference. The most common bacteremiacausing organisms were Escherichia coli (17.8%), Staphylococcus aureus (16.9%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (13.9%), and Klebsiella spp. (10.9%).
Conclusions: In the case of hospitalized wards, the overall antibiotic sensitivity was highest in the pediatric ward (70.7%) and lowest in the ICU (34.3%). Diabetic patients with 43.5% had the lowest and patients with a history of malignancy (except neutropenia) with 58.3 were most susceptible to antibiotics, respectively.
Keywords: antibiotic resistance; antibiotic sensitivity; bacteremia; Yazd