Original Article

Has gender attitude changed over time? Comparison of three generations


Burcu Beyazgul1, Fatma Koruk2, Ibrahim Koruk1

1Department of Public Health, Harran University Faculty of Medicine, Sanliurfa, Turkey
2Harran University Faculty of Health Sciences, Sanliurfa, Turkey


Abstract


Background: 'Gender' includes the status of women and men in society, their roles, duties and responsibilities, positions, how society sees and perceives the individual and its expectations. The study was planned to determine whether the attitude towards gender roles varied between generations.
Methods: This is a descriptive study. Women who were born between 1945-1965 (BabyBoomers generation), 1965-1979 (X generation) and 1980-2000 (Y generation) were included in the study. Socio-demographic Factors Questionnaire and Gender Roles Attitude Scale were used in this study.
Results: The mean gender roles attitude score of the participants is 127.4 +- 21.2 in the Y generation, 112.6 +- 23.8 in the X generation and 100.0 +- 16.9 in the BabyBoomers generation. The differences between the generations of the participants and the gender roles attitude scores are statistically significant, and the difference arises from the Y generation. The increase in the education level of women significantly changes the gender roles attitude score (in the X and Y generations).
Conclusions: It was observed that the gender roles attitude score increased in the younger generation, people with high education levels and employees. It is thought that steps should be taken to empower women in terms of education and employment.

Keywords: gender; generations; psychology; sex