Original Article

The effect on screening behaviors of health beliefs related to prostate cancer screening of seasonal agricultural workers individuals


Firat Ak1, Fatma Ersin2

1University Of Health Sciences Istanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2Harran University Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Public Health Nursing, Sanliurfa, Turkey


Abstract


Background: Prostate cancer can be a serious life-threatening disease, but many diagnosed people can survive. The study was conducted to determine the effect of prostate cancer-related health beliefs of individuals on the screening behaviors of seasonal agricultural workers.
Methods: It is a descriptive study. The study was conducted from October 2017 to June 2018. 300 participants were included in the study by using 30 cluster sample techniques of the World Health Organization. Questionnaire form and health beliefs model scale for prostate cancer screenings were used to obtain data. The study was approved by the local Ethics Committee of Harran University and by all participants. Chi-square test, independent sample t-test, Mann Whitney U test were used to analyze data.
Results: There was a difference between measurement of prostate-specific antigen and susceptibility perception, severity perception and health motivation perception of health belief model of prostate cancer screening with statistical significance (p<0.05). There was a difference between rectal examination and susceptibility perception, severity perception, health motivation perception and benefit perception of health belief model of prostate cancer screening with statistical significance (p<0.05).
Conclusions: In conclusion, we demonstrated that the health beliefs of seasonal agricultural workers affected their behavior on prostate cancer screening. As a result, we suggest an interventional working program that increases susceptibility, severity, health motivation and benefit perception score of prostate cancer screening and decreases barrier perception score.

Keywords: health beliefs; prostate cancer screening; seasonal agricultural worker