The effect of cognitive dance therapy as dementia prevention
Kazue Sawami1, Mitsuo Kimura1, Tetsuro Kitamura1, Masahiko Kawaguchi1, Mihoko Furusumi1, Chizuko Suishu2, Naoko Morisaki3, Sonomi Hattori4
1Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, Japan
2Shubun University, Ichinomiya, Aichi, Japan
3Himeji University, Himeji, Hyōgo, Japan
4Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan
International Medicine 2019; 1(3): 140-146 | DOI: 10.5455/im.302644235 PDF
Background: Regarding dementia prevention, as it has been reported that the volume of the hippocampus increases with continuous dancing and that dancers’ gray matter increases, dancing and recognition tasks have been combined and developed into brain training. We equipped a robot with dance therapy and a cognitive evaluation scale, the results of which we will exam as the focus of this study.
Methods: We compared the results of cognitive evaluation tests before and after seven weeks of continuous cognitive dance therapy once a week. The cognitive evaluation test utilized was the cognitive test used by the National Police Agency for the renewal of elderly persons’ licenses. Moreover, we surveyed the psychological condition of participants after robot therapy.
Results: Of the 72 registrants, with no missing values data of 53 people was analyzed with paired t-test. The mean age was 70.7±5.9 years old, the average score for the cognitive test prior to intervention was 87.3 points. After seven weeks of intervention, the average score was 94.3 points, a significant increase (p<0.01). Next, the average score of the robot therapy satisfaction level was as high as 4.73 out of 5 points. In the comments section, there were in descending order comments such as being happy, healing, clarity of the mind, facilitation of social interactions, et cetera.
Conclusions: Cognitive dance therapy may improve cognitive ability. Remembering songs and choreography together with music is indeed easy and effective. Additionally, with the combined effects of the results from robot psychological healing, it can be said that both the mind and body of older people are revitalized.
Keywords: cognitive function, dance, psychological factors, therapy