Knowledge and practices of breast self-examination amongst women attending a surgical outpatient clinic, CameroonBamidele Johnson Alegbeleye1, Prévost Jantchouz2
1St. Elizabeth Catholic General Hospital, Northwestern Region, Cameroon
2Gastro-Hépatologie et Nutrition Pédiatriques, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada
International Medicine 2020; 2(1): 7-19 | DOI: 10.5455/im.57134 PDF
Background: The study sought to test the knowledge and practices of breast self-examination (BSE) amongst women attending a surgical outpatient clinic in a northwestern region of Cameroon. Based on the information, we aimed to undertake an education intervention program focused on dealing with any knowledge and practice gaps discovered.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive research design was used. A computer-based random sampling technique was adopted to select 200 female patients attending a surgical outpatient clinic in Shisong, the northwestern region of Cameroon. We obtained our data using pre-tested proforma which composed of four sections: I) Socio-demographic characteristics, II) knowledge about BSE and breast cancer, III) practices of BSE and IV) factors affecting BSE. Data obtained was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22 and presented with inferential descriptive statistics.
Results: Results showed that women attending a surgical outpatient clinic showed good knowledge of early warning signs and symptoms about breast cancer as well as BSE. About 36% of the women were confident of the timing to start BSE and 78% were conversant with how BSE is done, but were not competent in their practice. The multivariate analysis showed that the single most significant factor affecting the practice of BSE was forgetfulness, odd-ratio (95% CI)=1.55 (1.32–1.82); p=0.001.
Conclusions:The female patients attending a surgical outpatient clinic in Shisong were conversant with BSE and they practiced it. Knowledge and practice of BSE may be improved significantly by encouraging an aggressive primary health awareness campaigns nationwide, training the health care providers and setting-up sustained educational framework as well as policy guidelines on BSE skills.
Keywords: breast cancer, breast self-examination, Cameroon, knowledge